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Envelope Front: A tan envelope with writing in blue ink. Includes three postage stamps (red, blue and green), as well as a blue sticker and three black hand stamps.Envelope Back: Partially ripped. Includes writing in blue ink.Letter Front: Letter written in blue ink on tan paper.Letter Back: Continuation of letter with a signature at the bottom.
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: The Nazis invaded Cracow on September 9, 1939, a mere ten months after this letter was written. Cracow had been the home to Jews since the 13th century, and an important center of learning. Nazi persecution of Jews commenced immediately with forced labor. The Ghetto was established in March of 1941. Deportations to the surrounding concentration and extermination centers began at the end of May, 1942 to Belzec, Auschwitz and Plaszow labor camp for those deemed capable of work.
envelope: 4.5 x 5.5"; letter: 10.5 x 8 3/8"
Krakow, Poland, Palestine, Airmail, Stamps
1933-1938: Nazification and Early Stages of Persecution: Identification, Expropriation and Aryanization; and Emigration; First Concentration Camps; Sterilization and Euthanasia Program; Internment Camps
"Correspondence from Poland to Palestine" (1938). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2014.1.248ab.