Grit, Failure, and Self-Efficacy: Does Grit Buffer Against the Negative Effects of Failure on Self-Efficacy?
Date of Award
Bachelor of Arts
Research on grit is still in its infancy and the mechanisms by which grit leads to positive outcomes is still largely unknown. This paper proposes a model of grit in which grit acts as a buffer against the negative effects of failure and preserves the positive feedback loop of self-efficacy. 388 adults were divided into two conditions and performed an anagram-like task. In the experimental condition, participants experienced an induced failure. While this failure resulted in a sharp decline in self-efficacy, grit did not buffer against these effects whatsoever. Failure affected all participants equally, regardless of grit. While the study does not simulate failing at a task in relation to a long-term goal, it does indicate that grit does not protect against smaller instances of adversity.
Kimble, Tyler, "Grit, Failure, and Self-Efficacy: Does Grit Buffer Against the Negative Effects of Failure on Self-Efficacy?" (2016). Honors Theses. 158.
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