1943 saw the gradual collapse of the Nazi regime until its surrender in May, 1944. Despite losing the war in the East, and irrespective of the diversion of necessary resources from the war effort, Hitler continued to relentlessly prosecute the Final Solution of the Jews in the concentration camps and ghettos, murdering as many as 10,000 per day in the Auschwitz gas chambers alone . Many attempted to rescue Jews from Nazi extermination at great risk to their own safety, and over 13,000 have been recognized as “Righteous Gentiles” for their deeds. Rescuers include diplomats Raoul Wallenberg, Carl Lutz, and Hiram Bingham; Oscar Schindler; and Pastor Andre Trochme. The citizens of Denmark hid Jews and ferried them to safety in neutral Sweden, saving most of Denmark’s 8000 Jews. In the fall of 1944, the Nazis began the evacuation of Auschwitz, and as the Allies advanced in 1945, all camps were evacuated under Himmler’s orders, resulting in many thousands of deaths from the so-called “death marches”. At the end of the war more than 200,000 survivors were living in the Allied zones of occupation in DP (Displaced Persons) camps. They could not return home and thus remained until emigration could be arranged to either Palestine or to other countries willing to absorb the refugees.
This collection features passports, visas and other documents of diplomats and others who saved Jews, including Friedrich Born, Frank Foley, Feng Shan Ho, Vlademar Langlet, Carl Lutz, Monsignor Angelo Rota, Andrey Szeptycki, Angel Sanz-Briz, Chiune Sugihara, Raoul Wallenberg,Carl Ivan Danielsson and Jan Zwartendijk. Also noteworthy is an assemblage of ephemera—photos, covers, letters, etc.- from the Bergen-Belsen (D.P. Hohne) Displaced Persons Camp (1946-1948); and covers from organizations such as the AJDC , IRO and UNRRA, established to provide aid and assistance to Jewish refugees.
--Michael D. Bulmash, K1966
Browse the Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection.
29 documents (fliers, leaflets and a booklet) in various sizes
.151: Flier - Anweisung sur Lebensrettung
.152: Flier - HILF DIR SELBST
.153: Flier - Safe-Conduct
.154: Flier - Bedingungslose Ubergabe
.155: Flier – Ein Wort zum Thema Etappe
.156: Flier – FRONTSOLDAT: Frage die Heimat
.157: Flier – BEKANNTMACHUNG
.158: Booklet – De Wervelwind, No. 5, August 1942
.159: Flier – Material-Schlacht!
.160: Flier – Das Recht des Soldaten
.161: Flier – DIE ZEIT DES ZOGERNS IST VORBEI!
.162: Flier – SOLDATENPFLICHT
.163: Flier – WOFUR KAMPFEN DIE VEREINTEN NATIONEN?
.164: Flier – Made to look like a handwritten letter
.165: Flier – 7,000,000 Deutschamericaner
.166: Flier – Anweisung zur Lebensrettung
.167: Flier – Plan and Resultat-Map
.168: Flier – Rameraden!
.169: Flier – Ubersetzung des Flugblattes 146 P
.170: Flier – Kannst du dich ausweisen?
.171: Flier – Drei Versprechen
.172: Flier – Amerika fordert: SCHLUSS DAMIT!
.173: Flier – NICHT EUER KIND
.174: Flier – “Belgrad brennt immer noch!”
.175: Flier – DAS ENDE
.176: Flier – Das Winterprogramm
.177: Leaflet – LUFTPOST DAS IST HITLERS WERK
.178: Leaflet – WOLKIGER BEOBACHTER
.179: Flier – ZUSAMMENBRUCH
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash:Anti-German propaganda, all air-dropped or delivered by artillery, including: safe conduct passes; “De Wervelwing” booklet; the “Rights of Soldiers”; a sarcastic bogus “ausweis”; quotes of Roosevelt and Churchill; a mock letter from a wife at home; pre-war propaganda; one article mentioning German-Americans and Wendell Willkie; dead civilians; Belgrade; the Atlantic Charter, and more.