Object ID


Object Name






Download Full Text (9.0 MB)


A bright red sheet titled "Bekendmaking" with Dutch text.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Broadside issued by SS Brigade leader Hans Rauter ordering roundup of Dutch Jews following an incident in which a number of German police were sprayed with ammonia upon entering an ice-cream shop in Amsterdam named Koko. Apparently, the ammonia was part of a system designed to ward off unwanted intruders indiscriminately. In retaliation for this perceived indignity, SS Brigade leader Hans Rauter ordered the roundup of four hundred Jewish men aged twenty to thirty-five years, warning that any demonstration against German occupation authorities would be brutally suppressed. Most of these men were deported to concentration camps. In response, the Dutch Communist Party organized a municipal workers’ strike in Amsterdam that quickly grew into a general strike across the country, which Rauter indeed brutally suppressed. Ernst Cahn, the owner of the ice cream shop, was shot by a firing squad soon after refusing to identify under torture the individuals who had installed the ammonia canister in his shop. His partner in the ice cream shop, Alfred Kohn, would be deported to Auschwitz where he died in April 1945.


10 x 7"


Amsterdam, SS, brigade leader, Netherlands, Koco Affair, Woustraat, Deportation, Buchenwald, Matthausen, Dutch communist party, strike, Hans Rauter, Ernst Cahn



Roundup of Dutch Jews Broadside



Rights Statement

In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted.

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.