Object ID


Object Name






Download Full Text (6.5 MB)


Envelope front: Addressed to Hernn Aloif Bock. Two stamps, one black feldpost on upper right corner, one purple in lower left corner. Blue ink, handwritten.Back: Return address written on top in blue ink with a rectangular purple stamp underneath. Letter: Handwritten in blue ink on both sides. Pencil marks underlining a good portion of the writing on the front, with some pencil symbols in the upper lefthand corner.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Holocaust Documentation by a soldier who witnessed the Kovno, Lithuania, pogrom in July 1941 first-hand. Feldpost letter from FB04583, 6.Kranken-Kraftwagen-Zug Armee Sanitaets Abteilung (Army Ambulance Medic Unit 6th Detachment), a medic who bears witness to the deadly anti-semitic activity of the local population. While they were clearly organized and supported by the Germans, the locals played a significant role in the massacre of the Jews. The author writes "Since the 25th of July [SIC - 25 June, the handwritten date on the letter and the feldpost cancel is July 5th] we have been in the capital of Lithuania, in Kowno. In the first days here it was a regular shooting gallery. There were thousands of Jews, including also wives and children, which were arrested by the Lithuanian Heimwehr, hauled away and shot..." The Heimwehr refers to the 'Homeland Security' force of Lithuanian locals (often ethnic Germans) recruited by the Waffen SS to support police and partisan activities.


envelope: 4 1/2 x 6 1/4"; letter: 11 3/4 x 8 1/2"


Kovno, Lithuania, Pogrom, Army, Ambulance, Medic, Unit 6th Detachment



Eyewitness Testimony from Soldier Who Witnessed the Kovno, Lithuania, Pogrom



Rights Statement

In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted.

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.