Object ID


Object Name






Download Full Text (3.7 MB)


Front: White envelope with a color illustration of many people crowding into a small area, two black hand stamps, one blue pasted postage stamp, and a line of printed text.Back: Printed black circular seal and printed black text in French.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: The Vel D'Hiv roundup began July 16, 1942. Over the next two days, 12,884 Jews from the Paris region, including over 4,000 children, were taken into custody in an operation planned and implemented by French police and auxiliaries. It would become the largest mass arrest in France during World War II. 7,000 of these Jewish victims were packed into the Veldrome d'Hiver, an indoor sports stadium. In increasingly desperate conditions -- no working lavatories, extreme summer heat, and absence of ventilation, no fresh water -- they awaited shipment to transit camps before being transported to Auschwitz. The Vel d'Hiv roundup would become a symbol of French guilt and complicity with the Germans during the Holocaust.


4 x 7"


Commemoration, France


1945 - Present: Post-Holocaust Commemoration & Revitalization: Displaced Person Camps; Refugees and Emigration; Postwar Trials; Israel Statehood

Vel D'Hiv Roundup Commemoration Envelope



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.