Object ID


Object Name

Travel Document





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Form bordered in red with two diagonal red stripes through page; two photographs and multiple stamps on front and back

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash:

Vichy France travel document for Ryfka and Emile Spira, a Jewish mother and her 11-year-old son, both of Polish origin who found themselves in Vichy, France, during the occupation, thankfully avoiding the infamous January 1943 systematic roundup of 2,000 Jews of Marseilles by the Germans in concert with the French Gendarmes, orchestrated by the collaborationist Vichy regime and Pierre Laval. The Jews in this roundup were sent to the internment camp at Drancy and from there deported to Auschwitz. The Spiras were given a Cuban visa at Marseilles by Marino Estrada, Consul of Cuba in Marseilles (at the same time Hiram Bingham IV was Vice-Consul of the United States in Marseilles). They traveled to Seville, Spain and boarded a ship for Cuba where they were able to obtain an entry visa issued by George R. Hukill to reach New York.


12 1/8 x 8 1/4"


Emile Ephraim Spira, Ryfka Spira, Vichy, France, Marino Estrada, Hiram Bingham IV, George Hukill, Marseilles


Diplomats, Shanghai

Safe-Conduct Pass for Jewish Mother and Child Caught in Vichy, France



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