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Elderly bearded man in the street carrying a stack of books in his arm.
Text by Roman Vishniac in The Vanished World: A limited-edition portfolio published by Witkin-Berley Ltd.
The Jewish people received the holy Book. They carried books with them when they walked in the streets. They learned, they studied, they discussed. Books became the spiritual food of the Jews. Boys of thirteen could read and write while ninety percent of the non-Jews were illiterate.
Image Courtesy of Mara Vishniac Kohn, The Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life, University of California, Berkeley.
18 3/8 x 15"
Pre-1933: Jewish Life in Europe before Holocaust
"One of the People of the Book, Warsaw, 1938." (1938). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2021.1.117b.