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Envelope marked “HEFTENFABRIK RENOMA Treuhander” in black print in top left corner, red postage stamp in upper right corner, “Nürnberg” underlined in black print in bottom right corner.
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: “RENOMA” manufactured notebooks (heftenfabrik). Johann Wisniewski is the trustee of the company at this time. Letter is addressed to A.W. Faber writing instruments manufacturer in Nuremberg. Faber continues to this day as Faber-Castell, owned by the same family.
After the invasion of a Poland in 1939, treuhander, or trustees, were appointed to take over the management of formerly Jewish-owned firms which were confiscated by the German. Bendzin was a textile center in Upper Silesia, and Jews constituted 80 percent of the population of the town. This “Aryanization” of formerly Jewish-owned businesses- consistent with the German Nuremberg laws- did not preclude Jews continuing to work in these fomis for the time being, as their expert advice was necessary for these firms to function properly. Since treuhander usually handles larger concerns, and Poles took over management of smaller ones, it is assumed that this company was a sizable factory.
4 3/4 x 6"
Treuhander, Bendzin, Raber-Castell, Aryanization
1943-1945: Rescue, Aid and Liberation
"Commemorative Treuhander Cover from German Invasion of Oberschlesien, Again in Polish Hands, with Provisional Liberation Cancel" (1944). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2019.2.199.