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"SCHUTZPASS" in black text across top of document, four pink squares with white borders, photo of young girl in upper left quadrant.
[Related items: 2019.2.23 and 2019.2.24]
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Schutzpass issued to 5-year-old Margaret Anne Karolyi, by the Swiss Department of Foreign Interests led by Carl Lutz, endorsed by the Swiss legation, Budapest, October 27, 1944. Stamped endorsement, and stamped C. Lutz signature.
As Swiss vice-consul in Budapest from 1942-1945, Lutz was instrumental in rescuing Hungarian Jews from deportation by both Nazis and Hungarians. He is credited with issuing 10,000 documents allowing Jewish children to emigrate to Palestine in 1942. Later, having negotiated permission to issue 8,000 protective passes, Lutz “re-interpreted” that number and applied it to families rather than individuals. By this strategy he was able to save more than 60,000 Jews from deportation to Auschwitz and certain death. He established 76 protective houses to shelter and place under diplomatic protection these document holders, often having to confront the dreaded Arrow Cross from raids on these houses himself. After the war, Lutz married Magda Grausz, one of the Jewish women that he saved. He was honored as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem in 1965.
11 1/2 x 8"
Margaret Anne Karolyi, Carl Lutz, Schutzpass, Protective Pass, Protective Houses, Swiss Legation
"Carl Lutz Protective Pass (Schutzpass) Issued to Margaret Anne Karolyi" (1944). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2019.2.22.