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Front: Black and white photograph of Arturo Toscanini looking at the camera. Includes a print of his autograph beneath. Toscanini spoke out against Nazi policies and actions in Europe, and conducted the Palestine Symphony Orchestra in their first concert on December 26, 1936. Back: Printed black text in Hebrew and English.
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Toscanini spoke out against Nazi policies and actions in Europe, and conducted the Palestine Symphony Orchestra in its first concert on December 26, 1936. Bronislaw Huberman was a brilliant Jewish Polish violinist, remembered as much for founding the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra as he is for his music. Having visited Palestine in 1929, he began to think of establishing a symphony orchestra there. After the Nazi rise to power in 1933, and understanding the threat to Jewish musicians in Europe, he recruited Europe's leading Jewish musicians and their families to come to Palestine and form the Palestine Symphony Orchestra. If it had not been for Huberman's foresight, many of these musicians and their families would have doubtless perished in the Holocaust. The first concert was held on December 26, 1936 with maestro Arturo Toscanini as conductor. Toscanini, already a world famous conductor by this time, had gained repute by refusing to perform in Nazi Germany in protest of their policies. While Huberman did not perform with Toscanini in 1936, they were re-united in 1938 and both performed together.
5 1/2 x 3 1/2"
Palestine Orchestra, Menorah, violin, Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Palestine, Israel, music, Arturo Huberman Toscanini
1933-1938: Nazification and Early Stages of Persecution: Identification, Expropriation and Aryanization; and Emigration; First Concentration Camps; Sterilization and Euthanasia Program; Internment Camps
"Arturo Toscanini" (1937). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2015.2.14.