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Cover: “PROGRAMES OF THE PALESTINE ORCHESTRA” and “Season 1936/37”; Interior: 32 pages
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Bronislaw Huberman was a brilliant Jewish Polish violinist, remembered as much for founding the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra as he is for his music. Having visited Palestine in 1929, he began to think of establishing a symphony orchestra there. After the Nazi rise to power in 1933, and understanding the threat to Jewish musicians in Europe, he recruited Europe's leading Jewish musicians and their families to come to Palestine and form the Palestine Symphony Orchestra. If it had not been for Huberman's foresight, many of these musicians and their families would have doubtless perished in the Holocaust. The first concert was held on December 26, 1936 with maestro Arturo Toscanini as conductor. Toscanini, already a world famous conductor by this time, had gained repute by refusing to perform in Nazi Germany in protest of their policies. While Huberman did not perform with Toscanini in 1936, they were re-united in 1938 and both performed together.
9 1/2 x 6 1/2"
Palestine Symphony Orchestra, Arturo Toscanini, Bronislaw Huberman
1933-1938: Nazification and Early Stages of Persecution: Identification, Expropriation and Aryanization; and Emigration; First Concentration Camps; Sterilization and Euthanasia Program
"Program of First Concert of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra" (1936). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2016.1.25.