Authors

Object ID

2012.1.478

Object Name

Postcard

Date

8-2-1938

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Description

Yellow postcard with an illustration of a stereotyped Jewish man, holding a cane and map with the Communist hammer and sickle in one hand and coins in the other. Includes caption, "Der Ewige Jude" (The Eternal Jew) in type that mirrors Hebrew.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: To further promote Nazi anti-Semitic objectives, a travelling exhibition named “Der Ewige Jude” ("The Eternal Jew") was created in 1937. It appeared in five cities during the following eighteen months. The exhibition depicted Jews—their clothes, facial characteristics, cultural items and art- in every conceivable negative and unfavorable way, and markedly “degenerate” in contrast to the Nazi Aryan ideal. This postcard advertising the exhibition-in this case in Vienna- depicts a caricatured, unattractive image of a disheveled Jewish man against a yellow background clutching a knotted whip in his left hand with an inset map of the Soviet Union with red Communist hammer and sickle. In his outstretched right hand are gold coins. His eyes are closed against a secret he is hiding: the composite image represents a putative Jewish conspiracy for world domination. The two special cancellations on the back of the postcard commemorate the event.

Dimensions

6 x 4 1/4"

Keywords

Propaganda Caricature The Eternal Jew Munich Vienna Berlin Bremen Madegburg Great Political Show in the Library of the German Museum Munich Capital of the Movement

Subcollection

1933-1938: Nazification and Early Stages of Persecution: Identification, Expropriation and Aryanization; and Emigration; First Concentration Camps; Sterilization and Euthanasia Program

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