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Front: White Red Cross stationery with printed and typewritten text. Includes several red and purple stamps.
Back: Printed black text.
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash:
After the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia in 1939, Slovakia partnered with the Axis powers. The Jozef Tito government was the first to consent to departation of its Jews. Between March and October of 1942 almost 60,000 Jews were concentrated in labor and concentration camps. Slovak authorities transported the Jews to the Generalgouvernement where the Nazi SS sent most of them to extermination centers. A second wave of deportations occurred at the end of the Slovakian Uprising, from August to October, 1944. German units deported 13,000 Jews to Auschwitz, Theresienstadt and other camps. Many in hiding or fighting with partisasn units were murdered by Hlinka Guard units working with the Germans. Approximately 100,000 Slovakian Jews perished during the Holocaust.
The Red Cross message system was a chief means of communication during World War II, utilizing printed forms that took weeks to reach their intended party and only allowed messages of 25 words or less. Leo Zilz of Nitra, Slovakia, sends a message using the Red Cross form to Lea Honigsbeer, formerly of Nitra now living in Palestine, inquiring about friends and family members.
The Yad Vashem Data base of Shoah Victims' Names lists many Zilz family members from Nitra, Slovakia, murdered in the Holocaust. Moritz Zilz is one of them, murdered in Auschwitz.
9 1/4 x 6 1/4"
Red Cross, Slovakia, Geneva, Switzerland, Palestine, Zilz
"Red Cross Form Sent from Nitra, Slovakia, to Palestine" (1944). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2014.1.271.