Authors

Object ID

2016.1.18

Object Name

Letter

Date

1-12-1940

Files

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Description

Typewritten letter to Mr. Basil O'Connor, singed by Breckinridge Long

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash:Long sends his thanks to Basil (Doc) O'Connor, FDR's law partner and close personal advisor, for a congratulatory note regarding Long's recent appointment as Assistant Secretary of State. Long's responsibilities in his new role included overseeing immigration policy, including the admission to the United States of refugees from Germany and Nazi-occupied Europe. However, Long obstructed rescue efforts, restricted immigration of European refugees - especially Jews - seeking to avoid persectution and murder in Europe, and falsified figures of refugees actually admitted to the United States. He forbade consuls to accept information from unofficial sources on what was in fact happening to the Jews in Europe under Hitler. Josiah Dubois, Jr.'s heroic exposure of Long's obstructionist efforts to deny American visas to Jews led ultimately to his demotion in 1944. It is estimated that under Long's tenure, 90 percent of the quota places available to these immigrants were never filled, placing 190,000 people in jeopardy who might have been saved from the Nazi atrocities.

Long retired to his Laurel, Maryland, Georgian Manor house where he bred horses, rode to hounds and was an active participant in Southern Maryland society.

Dimensions

10 3/8 x 8"

Keywords

Breckenridge Long, Basil O'Connor, Jewish Immigration

Breckenridge Long Signed Letter on U.S. Department of State Letterhead, with Embossed Crest

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In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted