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Tan poster with text (possibly in Ukrainian).Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: A printed broadside (Bekanntmachung), posted in Rivine, Ukraine. The broadside announced orders directed to Jews in the local ghetto: ".... Jews must wear a yellow insignia approximately 8 cm. in diameter on the left front and center back of all outer clothing... The (Ghetto) population is required to assemble at 12 noon on Friday, 19 Sept. 1941...." As the German military pushed eastward into the Soviet Union, they were trailed by "Einsatzgruppen," special SS extermination squads whose sole purpose was to round up and execute "political enemies of the state" -- which included 1.4 million Russian Jews. This poster was used in a local effort to identify, label and round up some of these victims.
11 1/2 x 8 1/4"
Ukraine, ghetto, Russia, Soviet Union
"Broadside Announcing German Round-Up of Jews in Ukraine" (1941). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2012.1.501.