Creation Date

17th century(?)


Russian, Orthodox


4 x 5 in.

Credit Line

Bequest of David P. Harris ('46), 2020

Accession Number



The obverse shows the Crucifixion, with the Mother of God, St. John, two angels and a bishop saint at the ends of the arms. A hinged addition at the top of the cross shows the Hospitality of Abraham on the obverse and an angel and saint on the reverse.

The reverse of the cross contains a long inscription in Old Church Slavonic identifying the relics once contained in the cross:

Stone from the Burning Bush
Relic from St. John Chrysogonos
Relic of St. Andrew of Crete
Relic of Theodore Tyron
Relic of Apostle Andrew the First-Called
Relic of the Archdeacon Stephen (the Protomartyr)
Stone from the place where the Last Supper was held
Relic of the Holy Martyr St. Christina
Stone from the place where Our Lord first pronounced the "Our Father"
Stone from the place where Our Lord was scourged by the Jews
Stone from the grave of Lazarus from which he was raised from the dead by Christ
Piece of wood from Moses's staff
Some earth from the river Jordan where Christ was baptized


Purchased from the Bowater Gallery, London, in 1970.


The Byzantine World


image preview
2020.163b.JPG (4247 kB)

2020.163c.JPG (5986 kB)
Oblique view

2020.163d.JPG (6160 kB)
Oblique view