Association and affect as determinants of displaced aggression
Subjects were angered by an instigator and then given a choice of two targets of aggression: one was a friend of the anger instigator and the other not. In addition, subjects were given a choice of more versus less intense aggression against these two targets. Angered subjects chose to give more intense aggression—regardless of whether the target was associated with the anger instigator. Thus, release of affect (opportunity to aggress intensely) predominated over association as a determinant of displacement.
Fenigstein, Allan and Buss, Arnold H., "Association and affect as determinants of displaced aggression" (1974). Journal of Research in Personality 7(4): 306-313. Faculty Publications. Paper 32.
Journal of Research in Personality