Purification of Noisy Entanglement and Faithful Teleportation via Noisy Channels
Two separated observers, by applying local operations to a supply of not-too-impure entangled states (e.g., singlets shared through a noisy channel), can prepare a smaller number of entangled pairs of arbitrarily high purity (e.g., near-perfect singlets). These can then be used to faithfully teleport unknown quantum states from one observer to the other, thereby achieving faithful transmission of quantum information through a noisy channel. We give upper and lower bounds on the yield D(M) of pure singlets (|Ψ−⟩) distillable from mixed states M, showing D(M)>0if ⟨Ψ−|M|Ψ−⟩>12.
Physical Review Letters