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Front: Image of hand holding seedling with words '20 yrs. Youth Aliyah 1954' as border; various hand stamps Back: Typed information, 'The Executive of the Jewish Agency' in Tel-Aviv. Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash:Youth Aliyah was founded by Recha Freier on January 30, 1933, the day Hitler took power. With remarkable prescience, she sought to protect German youth from impending doom by sending them to pioneer training camps in Palestine to be educated and absorbed into kibbutzim, the indigenous farming communities. She helped 5,000 Jewish children escape from Germany. Others were smuggled out of Europe during the war to Palestine, the U.K., and other countries. Many more came to Palestine between the end of the war and the establishment of the state of Israel. Youth Aliyah also helped Jewish child survivors in D.P. camps. Frier herself experienced significant opposition from the German Jewish community who thought her methods illegal. She eventually fled to Palestine herself, taking a group of 40 teenagers with her.
5 x 6"
Youth Aliyah, Tel Aviv, Jewish Agency, Commemoration
"Youth Aliyah Commemoration Envelope" (1954). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2014.1.372.