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Front: White Red Cross stationery with printed and typewritten text. Includes several red and purple stamps.Back: Printed black text.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: After the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia in 1939, Slovakia's Josef Tiso government partnered with the Axis powers. Jews were deported, and 60,000 Jews found themselves in labor and concentration camps by October 1942. Jews were also sent to the General Government where many were placed in extermination centers.Other deportations occurred in 1944. The Red Cross message system was a chief means of communication during World War II, utilizing printed forms that took weeks to reach their intended party and only allowed messages of 25 words or less. Leo Zilz of Nitra, Slovakia, sends a message using the Red Cross form to Lea Honigsbeer, formerly of Nitra now living in Palestine, inquiring about friends and family members. The Yad Vashem Data base of Shoah Victims' Names lists many Zilz family members from Nitra, Slovakia, murdered in the Holocaust. Moritz Zilz is one of them, murdered in Auschwitz.


9 1/4 x 6 1/4"


Red Cross, Slovakia, Geneva, Switzerland, Palestine, Zilz


Concentration, Slovakia

Red Cross Form Sent from Nitra, Slovakia, to Palestine



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