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Front: Tan postcard with orange printed postcard lines. Includes typewritten address, as well as black, red and purple hand stamps, a blue sticker and markings in black pencil. Also has a brush of blue ink across the left side.Back: Typewritten message with two black hand stamps and various purple pencil markings.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: After the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia in 1939, Slovakia partnered with the Axis powers. The Jozef Tiso government was the first to consent to departation of its Jews. Between March and October of 1942 almost 60,000 Jews were concentrated in labor and concentration camps. Slovak authorities transported the Jews to the Generalgouvernement where the Nazi SS sent most of them to extermination centers. A second wave of deportations occurred at the end of the Slovakian Uprising, from August to October, 1944. German units deported 13,000 Jews to Auschwitz, Theresienstadt and other camps. Many in hiding or fighting with partisasn units were murdered by Hlinka Guard units working with the Germans. Approximately 100,000 Slovakian Jews perished during the Holocaust. Moritz Zilz, of Nitra, Slovakia, addresses a censored post card to the Red Cross in Madrid on May 4, 1943, inquiring about Frieda Honigsbeer. The Yad Vashem Data base of Shoah Victims' Names lists many Zilz family members from Nitra, Slovakia, murdered in the Holocaust. Moritz Zilz is one of them, murdered in Auschwitz.


4 x 5 3/4"


Red Cross, Slovakia, Spain, Zilz


1943-1945: Rescue, Aid and Liberation

Censored Postcard Sent from Nitra, Slovakia, to Red Cross in Madrid, Spain