Authors

Object ID

2014.1.253

Object Name

Stamp, Postage

Date

1940

Files

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Description

Three stamps mounted on blue paper. The left stamp is brown and shows a young man. The middle stamp has a green and black geometric design on a white background. The right stamp shows the young man again.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Two stamps with pictures of Codrenau, the founder of the Iron Guard, and a stamp bearing the symbol of the Iron Guard. The Iron Guard was the right wing movement and political party in Romania beginning in 1927 and lasting until World War II. It was ultra-nationalistic, fascistic, anti-communist and promoted the Orthodox Christian faith. It was virulently anti-Semitic,even demanding a policy of state-wide anti-Semitism. When Ion Antonescu came to power in September 1940 he brought the Iron Guard into the government, at which point it launched extremely violent and murderous attacks on Jews. In 1941, Anttonescu suppressed the Iron Guard revolt. The Iron Guard's commander Horia Sima and other leaders escaped to Germany.

Dimensions

1 1/8 x 1 5/16" each

Keywords

Romania, Iron Guard, Stamp

Subcollection

1939-1941: Concentration:Ghettos, Einsatzgruppen (Mobile Killing Squads); WWII in Europe

Romanian Iron Guard Legion Stamps

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