Authors

Object ID

2015.2.134

Object Name

Postcard

Date

11-10-1941

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Description

Front: Tan postcard with writing in blue cursive ink, and several lines underlined in pencil.Back: Printed postcard lines in green with writing in blue cursive ink. Includes black, red, and purple hand stamps, damage from a paper clip on the left, and three pasted stamps in green and orange on the upper right.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: General Government 12 pfg. postal stationary card with additional 8 pfg. and 10 pfg. stamps. From S. Schein in Kolomea to Alfred Schwarzbaum, a Jewish benefactor who escaped Poland and settled in Lausanne, Switzerland, showing 2 line Judenrat Kolomea (German name) hand stamp alongside. Message in German. Nazi censor markings. Dated October 11, 1941, one day before the mass murder of Jews in the Szeparowce Forest 5 miles outside of town. Kolomyja was an important center of Hassidism. The Judenrat, headed by Mordechai Horowitz, was soon burdened by the arrival of Jewish refugees from Hungary. Approximately 18,000 Jews were herded into the ghetto that was sealed off in March 1942, a holding pen for eventual deportations to the Belzec extermination center.

Dimensions

4 1/4 x 5 3/4"

Keywords

Ghetto, Stamps, Judenrat, General Gouvernement, Kielce, Lausanne, Switzerland, Cesnored, Kolomyja, Hasidism, Deportation, Schein, Alfred Schwarzbaum

Subcollection

1941-1943: Deportation & Extermination: Concentration Camps and Extermination Centers

Postcard from Kolomyja Ghetto

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