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Three columns of the same text, each in a different language -- German, Ukrainian and Polish. Dr. Lasch at bottom right of each column.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash:

Approximately 220,000 Jews were living in Lvov in eastern Poland – at the time in the Soviet occupation zone – when the German Army Group South and Einsatzgruppe C invaded in June 1941 as part of Operation Barbarossa. Ironically, half were refugees fleeing eastern Poland after the Nazi occupation. Almost immediately, a number of German-inspired and encouraged pogroms occurred by Ukrainian nationalists in which 6,000 Jews were murdered. This broadside addresses the establishment of the ghetto in Lvov. The name appearing on this document is that of Dr. Karl Lasch, German governor of the province of Galicia, and friend and protégé of Hans Frank who is the head of the General Government in German-occupied Poland. Lasch and Fritz Katzmann, higher SS and Police Leader, were involved in the establishment of a “Jewish residential quarter” – a Judischer Wohnbezirk - in an area of the suburbs known as Zamarstynow, a wretched slum in the northern part of the city of Lvov. Jews were to be given little more than one month to move into this area. Conditions were wretched for the more than 111,000 Jews forced to live here. Extreme overcrowding, poor sanitation, lack of heat, and hunger from markedly diminished food rations contributed to many Jews dying of typhus. Selections occurred almost immediately. The sick and elderly were murdered even before they entered the ghetto. Many Jews were deported to the Aktion Reinhard extermination camp Belzec – so named for Reinhard Heydrich, who died of his wounds after an assassination attempt – where they were instantly murdered. Jews deemed less expendable were forced to work at the Janowska labor camp. In August 1942, the so-called Great Aktion occurred and approximately 50,000 more Jews perished at Belzec. These Aktions continued on the orders of Katzmann and included shootings and hangings. Members of the Judenrat were not spared and were hanged in public. With the final dissolution of the Judenrat, the Ghetto was renamed Judenlager Lemberg, a forced labor camp for Jews working for German war industries.

[Related items: 2012.1.577, 2012.1.579]


15 x 22"


Karl Lasch, Lvov


Ghettos, Polenaktion

Dr. Lasch Broadside on the Establishment of the Lvov Ghetto



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