Download Full Text (1.0 MB)
Typewritten letter with "Joodsche Raad Voor Amsterdam" stamped in black ink at top right of page and purple ink at bottom right. Letter is signed in pencil.
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash:
Like other Jewish councils, the i>Joodsche Raad was ultimately controlled by German occupiers, and the compliant Jewish members simply did their bidding as the noose continued to tighten. This letter emanates from the “Coordinating Commission Department” in Tilburg and informs Jews that moving about without a permit is now prohibited. In addition, municipal bathing facilities are off-limits to Jews. Further, music and gymnastics are no longer to be given to Jewish children by non-Jews. Jewish adults are, however, permitted to be educated by other Jews. These are the latest efforts on the part of the German occupiers to circumscribe civil liberties which Jews had heretofore taken for granted. Donations are requested for the purpose of establishing a library for Jews in Amsterdam, since Jews have been prohibited from utilizing other municipal libraries. The document is signed.
10 x 8"
Joodsche Raad, Judenrat, Amsterdam
"Letter from Joodsche Raad Voor Amsterdam, Amsterdam’s Jewish Council or Judenrat" (1941). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2020.1.8.