Authors

Object ID

2020.1.8

Object Name

Letter

Date

10-22-1941

Files

Download

Download Full Text (1.0 MB)

Description

Typewritten letter with "Joodsche Raad Voor Amsterdam" stamped in black ink at top right of page and purple ink at bottom right. Letter is signed in pencil.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash:

Like other Jewish councils, the i>Joodsche Raad was ultimately controlled by German occupiers, and the compliant Jewish members simply did their bidding as the noose continued to tighten. This letter emanates from the “Coordinating Commission Department” in Tilburg and informs Jews that moving about without a permit is now prohibited. In addition, municipal bathing facilities are off-limits to Jews. Further, music and gymnastics are no longer to be given to Jewish children by non-Jews. Jewish adults are, however, permitted to be educated by other Jews. These are the latest efforts on the part of the German occupiers to circumscribe civil liberties which Jews had heretofore taken for granted. Donations are requested for the purpose of establishing a library for Jews in Amsterdam, since Jews have been prohibited from utilizing other municipal libraries. The document is signed.

Dimensions

10 x 8"

Keywords

Joodsche Raad, Judenrat, Amsterdam

Subcollection

Netherlands

Letter from <i>Joodsche Raad Voor Amsterdam</i>, Amsterdam’s Jewish Council or Judenrat

Share

COinS
 

Rights Statement

In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted.
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.