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Postcard with one red stamp and one brown stamp in upper right corner, “17 July 1939” stamped inside box marked with large “R” in green ink, addressed “Lloyd Triestino für Passa.”
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Postcard sent from Vienna to Lloyd Triestino Shipping Line (cachet) for a Jewish refugee fleeing Nazi Germany on his way to the Shanghai Jewish Quarter in the Hongkou District aboard the S.S. Victoria. This cover was first posted to Port Said, and then redirected to Shanghai. On this voyage were 300 German Jews fleeing to China, among the almost 20,000 Jewish refugees who fled to Japanese controlled Shanghai from Europe. Shanghai was an open port, no visas or passports were required, and was one of the only places in the world where Jews could find refuge from the Nazis. Many refugees fled after Kristallnacht- more than 12,000 in 1939 alone- through the Lloyd Triestino Line.
4 x 6"
Lloyd Triestino Line, Shanghai Jewish Quarter, Kristallnacht
1933-1938: Nazification and Early Stages of Persecution: Identification, Expropriation and Aryanization; and Emigration; First Concentration Camps; Sterilization and Euthanasia Program; Internment Camps
"Postcard from Austrian Ship Redirected to German Refugee in Shanghai, China" (1939). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2019.2.227.