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Front of envelope includes “Züruck” stamped in blue near bottom, “INTERNIERTENPOST, GEBÜHRENFREI!” underlined in top right corner in black ink, back of envelope includes “LOUIS FRANCOIS DE JONG” underlined at top.
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Vittel was a resort town in the Vosges mountains of France. It was used by the Germans to detain aliens- British and American citizens living in France- as well as Jewish prisoners who could eventually be exchanged for German prisoners. However, most of the Jewish detainees were eventually transported to Auschwitz. On April 18, 1944, two months before this letter was written to a Jewish family interned in Vittel, 163 Jews from Vittel were sent to Drancy Transit Camp and then to Auschwitz where they were murdered.
4 x 5 3/4"
Vittel, Internment Camps, Netherlands
"Censored Cover from L.F. de Jong, Netherlands, to G. Newman Family Interned at Vittel Interniertenlager" (1944). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2019.2.121.