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Letter with red postage stamp of Hitler in top right corner, titled "Konzentrationslager Auschwitz" in black ink in top left, two squares on back.
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: One of the three main camps of the Auschwitz system to be distinguished from Auschwitz I, the main camp; and Auschwitz II, the extermination center; Buna, (referred to variously as Auschwitz III, Buna or Monowitz-Buna), supplied slave labor for the I.G.Farben synthetic rubber complex, as well as other German industrial giants, including those owned by Krupp and Siemens. Primo Levi’s Survival in Auschwitz details his experience here.
Double ring cancel Auschwitz-Oberschlesien 8-30-43, with camp censor marking: Gepruft 2 A.L. Buna
A.L. is a reference to Buna’s origin as an Arbeitslager, or work camp before it metastasized into its own system with more than 40 sub-camps.
6 x 4"
Rene Lambrechts, Joseph Veerman, Dora-Mittelbau, Muselmanner, Die Swane
1939-1941: Concentration:Ghettos, Einsatzgruppen (Mobile Killing Squads); WWII in Europe
"Fremdenpass (Alien Passport) for Rene Lambrechts" (1940). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2019.2.104.