Authors

Object ID

2019.2.92

Object Name

Photograph

Date

1941

Files

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Description

Two men hanging

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Shows the hanging of two Soviet “partisans” from a gallows with no recorded date or place. A sign records their alleged “crimes” against the occupiers.

Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, marked the commencement of Operation Barbarossa. The Baltic states -Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia- were overrun in short order. As the Wehrmacht pushed ever deeper into the Ukraine and Soviet Union, the four SS Einsatzgruppen death squads were close behind. Einsatzkommandos rounded up Jews, Communists, Gypsies and other “undesirables”. Men, women, and children were marched into the forest and shot over pits or ravines. “Terrorists” or “partisans”, were executed by public hanging – often en masse- on makeshift gallows, on railings of buildings, and left hanging for days on end; others were shot to death, still others were incinerated in barns. Egged on by the Nazis, local citizens could discharge their anti-Semitic rage at Jews, who were also blamed for their putative allegiance to the Soviet Union and the way locals were dealt with by the Soviet NKVD.

Dimensions

3 1/2 x 5 1/2"

Keywords

Operation Barbarossa, Soviet NKVD, Einsatzgruppen

Subcollection

1941-1943: Deportation & Extermination: Concentration Camps and Extermination Centers

Operation Barbarossa: Photograph of Nazi Atrocities

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