Authors

Object ID

2019.2.76

Object Name

Postcard

Date

1945

Files

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Description

Postcard marked "POSTKARTE" in purple, vertical line in center of postcard, purple postage stamp of Adolf Hitler in top right corner, "KRAKAU" stamped in black ink over postage stamp.

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Rare postcard from a physician in the Ghetto established in Cracow, Poland with “JUDENRAT KRAKOW” stamp.

Cracow had been a thriving center of Jewish life and learning since the Middle Ages. More than 68,000 Jews were living there when the Germans occupied it in September 1939. Under the orders of Hans Frank, the Governor of the occupied territories, most of the Jews of Cracow were resettled in 1940, with only 15,000 remaining in the city. The Ghetto was established in 1941 in the Podgorze district. In May 1942, Jews able to work were systematically deported to Paszow, the slave labor camp administered by the notorious Amon Goeth. The rest were deported to extermination centers of Belzec or Auschwitz. Some 2,000 Jews were murdered in the streets of the Ghetto.

Dimensions

4 x 6"

Keywords

Krakow Ghetto, Cracow Ghetto, Judenrat, Judenrat Krakow, Plaszow, Amon Goeth, Belzec, Auschwitz

Subcollection

1941-1943: Deportation & Extermination: Concentration Camps and Extermination Centers

Krakau (Cracow) Ghetto Postcard

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