Object ID


Object Name

Record, Judicial





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Two documents on tan paper with typewritten and printed German. The first is titled, "Straffache."

Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Two documents from the Prussian court in Berlin, sentencing one Otto Toebs to KL (Konzentrationslager) Lichtenburg for "widernatuerlicher Unzucht (perverse sodomy)." He is sentenced to one year for each act. KL Lichtenburg was among the first concentration camps in the Nazi system and was in operation from 1933 to 1939. Its first commandant was the sadistic Theodore Eicke, who ran it from May 1934 to July 1934. Promoted to SS-Brigadefuhrer in January 1934, he claimed the title of Concentration Camps Inspector for himself in May. In this role Eicke reorganized the camp system at Dachau, and utilized Dachau as a model to train guards in disciplinary techniques for concentration camp service and disciplinary measures for prisoners. All regulations for both guards and prisoners at all concentration camps throughout Germany were to follow the blueprint Eicke created at Dachau. Eicke had a role as well on the Night of the Long Knives in June, 1934, in shooting Ernst Rohm, head of the SA who was himself a homosexual. Nazi attacks on homosexuality -- closing gay bars, arresting people suspected for being gay and sending them on to concentration camps -- were all part of Hitler's campaign against all forms of "degeneracy" in the Third Reich.


11 1/2 x 8 1/4"


Prussia, convict, Berlin, KL Lichtenburg, homosexuality


Concentration, Early

Court Document Sentencing Otto Toebs for Homosexual Acts



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