Download Full Text (752 KB)
Postcard with black and white photograph of two steam ships on front, and message written in blue ink on the back.
Information Provdied by Michael D. Bulmash: The deportation of the Norwegian Jews followed an expectable sequence of steps involving arrest, confiscation of property, having one's ID stamped with the letter "J," as well as filling out forms detailing property and holdings. Ultimately, deportation involved the active collaboration of the Norwegian police, the Quisling government, German SS and Gestapo. With less than 2,000 Jews residing in Norway, and with shipping being scarce to send Norway's Jews to the extermination centers, one would not think that Germany would go through the effort required to send them to Poland. However, in the Autumn of 1942, shipping was made available and on November 26, 1942, 532 Jews were dported on the ships Donau and Monte Rosa. A total of 768 Jews were deported, and ultimately sent to Auschwitz. Only 28 survived the war. Quisling faced a firing squad; his name was to become a term of derision meaning traitor or collaborator.
3 1/2 x 5 1/2"
Norway, Donau, Monte Rosa, boat, Auschwitz, deportation
"Donau and Monte Rosa" (1933). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2014.1.438.