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Cover: 'DEUTSCHES REICH, REISEPASS', 32 pages total, no markings on pages 10-32, photograph adhered to top left of page 2, St. Louis stamp on page 7.
Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: This passport was issued to Margarete Philippi, a passenger on the St.Louis- the so-called “Voyage of the Damned”- which set sail from Hamburg, Germany on May 13, 1939 for Havana, Cuba, with 937 Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany seeking asylum after Kristallnacht. Margarete was accompanied by her husband and two sons. The Cuban government, however, refused entry to passengers, and the St. Louis was thus forced to return to Europe. Belgium eventually agreed to take 200 passengers, and the British, French and Dutch governments agreed to temporary asylum for some of the passengers. The Philippi family were among those passengers able to disembark in Holland. They were able to survive the Holocaust and eventually emigrated to America.
Sadly, as the Nazis overran the European countries, more than 250 of the passengers of the St. Louis were caught in the Nazi dragnet and perished. Gustav Schroeder, the non-Jewish German captain of the St. Louis, was posthumously honored by Yad Vashem as a Righteous Among the Nations for his efforts at securing a safe haven for his Jewish passengers and his refusal to return the St. Louis to Germany.
6 1/2 x 4 1/4"
Passport, Margarete Philippi, Ernst Philippi, SS St. Louis, Voyage of the Damned
1939-1941: Concentration:Ghettos, Einsatzgruppen (Mobile Killing Squads); WWII in Europe
"Passport for Margarete Philippi, a Passenger on the St. Louis, "The Voyage of the Damned"" (1939). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2016.1.15.