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Black and white photograph of a man in glasses in Nazi uniform.Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski was highly regarded by Hitler for his brutality and improvisational skills. As SS general and general of the Waffen-SS assigned to the Russian front, Bach-Zelewski was a leader of the Einsatzgruppen, and was thus responsible for many atrocities on the eatern front in which he took a personal part. In October 1941, after 35,000 people had been executed in Riga, he proudly wrote "there is not a Jew left in Estonia." He actively participated in massacres of Jews in Minsk and Mogilev in Russia. Bach-Zelewski claimed to have lectured Himmler after the Minsk executions, telling him that the men of the firing squad were now ruined for life, that they were destined to become either nervous wrecks or ruffians. Himmler asked Arthur Nebe to end the suffering of these people as soon as possible, yet consider other killing methods more humane than shooting. In July 1943, von dem Bach-Zalewski received command of all anti-Partisan actions in Belgium, Belarus, France, the General Government, the Netherlands, Norway, Ukraine, Yugoslavia, and parts of the Bezirk Bialystok. In practice, his activities remained confined to Belarus and contiguous Russia.


5 x 7 1/4"


Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski, Einsatzgruppen, Waffen-SS, General

Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski