Title

Athletic Participation, Fraternity Membership, and Sexual Aggression Among College Men: A Meta-analytic Review

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-23-2007

Abstract

A meta-analysis of the data relating either college athletic participation or fraternity membership to attitudes and behaviors associated with sexual aggression was conducted with 29 studies which yielded 57 effect sizes. Membership in each male group was associated to a moderate extent with rape-supportive attitudes, and to a smaller extent with self-report of sexually aggressive behavior. There was much variability in the data that could be partially predicted by variables such as the size of the college, the validity of the study, and the age of the research participants. The involvement of these all-male groups in the perpetuation of hypermasculine attitudes (Mosher and Sirkin 1984) in a patriarchal culture was discussed.

Journal

Sex Roles

Volume

57

First Page

145

Last Page

157