Paranoia and Self-Consciousness
Presented, in Study 1, a new instrument designed to assess paranoid thought in college students, together with reliability and validity data. A single general factor accounted for a substantial portion of the variance in the full scale. Public self-consciousness was consistently and significantly correlated with the present measure of paranoia. In Study 2, both pretested paranoia and public self-consciousness were related to feelings of being watched (a classical manifestation of paranoia), although public self-consciousness had an effect only when there was a 2-way mirror present. In Study 3, self-attention, experimentally induced using a story construction task, again resulted in a heightened sense of being observed. Discussion focuses on paranoid cognition as characteristic of everyday thought and the implications of self-attention for social perception processes.
Fenigstein, Allan and Vanable, Peter A., "Paranoia and Self-Consciousness" (1992). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 62(1): 129-138. Faculty Publications. Paper 41.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology