Title

Dielectric functions of molecular-beam-epitaxy-grown Ga1−xMnxAsGa1−xMnxAs thin films

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-2005

Abstract

We have measured the dielectric functions of a series of molecular-beam-epitaxy-grown Ga1−xMnxAs" role="presentation" style="display: inline; line-height: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px 2px 0px 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">Ga1−xMnxAsGa1−xMnxAs thin films directly deposited on GaAs (100) substrates. Initially, x-ray diffraction experiments were employed to determine the alloy compositions of these samples. A rotating analyzer spectroscopic ellipsometer was used subsequently to measure the complex reflection ratio for each of the films in the energy range between 0.9 and 6.5eV" role="presentation" style="display: inline; line-height: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px 2px 0px 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">6.5eV6.5eV. By modeling the ellipsometric data in the transparent region, we were able to determine the film thickness precisely. Extending the analysis into the absorption region, we were able to identify the dielectric functions for each of the Ga1−xMnxAs" role="presentation" style="display: inline; line-height: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px 2px 0px 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">Ga1−xMnxAsGa1−xMnxAs samples in the energy region of our measurement. All of the dielectric functions displayed the critical point structures related to the higher-order electronic transitions. To determine the characteristics associated with the higher-order electronic transitions, we fit the dielectric functions with a model that incorporates the energy band structure near critical points as well as discrete and continuum exciton states associated with each critical point. This enabled us to determine that both E1" role="presentation" style="display: inline; line-height: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px 2px 0px 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">E1E1 and E1+Δ1" role="presentation" style="display: inline; line-height: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px 2px 0px 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">E1+Δ1E1+Δ1 critical points blueshift slightly in the Ga1−xMnxAs" role="presentation" style="display: inline; line-height: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px 2px 0px 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">Ga1−xMnxAsGa1−xMnxAsalloy system as Mn is incorporated into the lattice.

Journal

Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics: Materials, Processing, Measurement, and Phenomena

Volume

23

Issue

1313