Title

Three Reasons to Use Annual Payments in Contingent Valuation Surveys: Convergent Validity, Discount Rates, and Mental Accounting

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-2015

Abstract

We present three arguments for using ongoing annual payments in contingent valuation (CV) surveys that estimate the benefit of a long-lasting environmental improvement. First, by matching the duration of the payments with the duration of the environmental benefits, survey respondents are spared from performing complicated present value calculations. Second, willingness to pay (WTP) estimates from CV surveys that include ongoing annual payments best match WTP estimates obtained using travel cost surveys. Third, respondents are less likely to face binding mental budget constraints with ongoing annual payments than with a larger one-time payment. In addition, respondents’ discount rates may be estimated by collecting non-hypothetical, individual time preference data as part of the valuation survey.

Journal

Journal of Environmental Economics and Management

Volume

72

First Page

123

Last Page

136