"The Export Technology Content, Learning By Doing, and Specialization in Foreign Trade"
We examine empirically whether countries with relatively little production and export experience specialize in the production and export of more standardized and lower-technology products, and those with more production experience produce and export more recently developed and higher-technology products. Using panel data covering 127 countries and the period between 1970 and 1997, we find that export experience does help to account for the variation in export content. Exporting experience influences a country's export mix more than its production experience, suggesting that there may be a trade-induced component of learning by doing in foreign trade specialization.
"The Export Technology Content, Learning By Doing, and Specialization in Foreign Trade" (with Murat Iyigun). Journal of International Economics, 64:2, 465-83, December 2004.