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Grey envelope with typewritten address to Mr. Walter Rosenthal. Includes a stamped return address on back flap from Dr. Julius Israel Fliess, as well as censor tape.Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: A law enacted August 17, 1938 required Jews with non-Jewish forenames to assume the name "Sara" if a woman and "Israel" if a man. This law became effective January 1, 1939. These names were to be used on all correspondence -- private or official -- including return addresses on mail. This envelope was addressed from Berlin to Brookline, Massachusetts. The return address reads:Dr. Julius Israel FliessConsultantSpecializing in accurate consultationsAnd representing JewsAlso, since Elise Sara Reiss carried the letter to the post office, it was necessary that she list her name and address.
4 1/2 x 6 1/4"
stamp, Berlin, Brookline, Massachusetts, Nazi seal, Julius Fliess, Julius Isarel Fliess, Elise Sara Reiss, Walter Rosenthal
""Israel" Envelope" (1941). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2012.1.289a.