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Front: White postcard with black printed postcard lines and writing in black ink. Includes brown and red postage stamps as well as one purple and several black hand stamps.Back: Message written in black ink.Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash:Censored in Munich. Used Deutsche Post Osten overprints on Hindenburg stamps. Communicating between enemy-occupied territories and allied nations was made extremely difficult during World War II. Any communication with enemy countries was expressly forbidden by Germany in 1940 and could be labeled high treason, resulting in the death penalty. Yet friends and family were desperate to maintain contact with one another. Similarly, Jewish organizations, resistance groups and governments-in-exile took risks by using undercover addresses in neutral countries, which did not indicate the true destination of the correspondence. For example, a common means of sending mail from Nazi-occupied areas to loved ones in Great Britain was to use the Thomas Cook office in Lisbon, which used the undercover address of POB 506 for mail to be forwarded to the Thomas Cook office in Great Britain and redirected with a label of the final destination. Lisbon's status as a neutral country made it a choice deestination for many undercover addresses; for example, the Dutch Air Force, Polish Red Cross, and Alfred Schwarzbaum of Lausanne Switzerland, who carried out Jewish relief services as well as secret support for the Jewish underground in Poland.
3 3/4 x 5 3/4"
Undercover, Reich Stamp, Villa, Hortensia, Lausanne, Switzerland, Warsaw
"Undercover Postcard Sent to Villa Hortensia, Lausanne, Switzerland, from Warsaw" (1940). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2014.1.275.