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Front: White envelope with a color illustration of many people crowding into a small area, two black hand stamps, one blue pasted postage stamp, and a line of printed text.Back: Printed black circular seal and printed black text in French.Information Provided by Michael D. Bulmash: The Vel D'Hiv roundup began July 16, 1942. Over the next two days, 12,884 Jews from the Paris region, including over 4,000 children, were taken into custody in an operation planned and implemented by French police and auxiliaries. It would become the largest mass arrest in France during World War II. 7,000 of these Jewish victims were packed into the Veldrome d'Hiver, an indoor sports stadium. In increasingly desperate conditions -- no working lavatories, extreme summer heat, and absence of ventilation, no fresh water -- they awaited shipment to transit camps before being transported to Auschwitz. The Vel d'Hiv roundup would become a symbol of French guilt and complicity with the Germans during the Holocaust.
4 x 7"
"Vel D'Hiv Roundup Commemoration Envelope" (1995). Bulmash Family Holocaust Collection. 2014.1.159.