Molecular Characterization of the Sarcoplasmic Calcium-Binding Protein (SCP) from Crayfish Procambarus clarkii

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Sarcoplasmic Calcium-binding Protein (SCP) is believed to function as the invertebrate equivalent of vertebrate parvalbumin, namely to “buffer” cytosolic Ca2+. We have cloned and characterized a novel SCP from axial abdominal muscle of crayfish Procambarus clarkii (referred to as pcSCP1), and have examined tissue specific distribution and expression as a function of molting stage in non-epithelial and epithelial tissues. The complete sequence of pcSCP1 consists of 1052 bp with a 579 bp open reading frame, coding for 193 amino acid residues (molecular mass of 21.8 kDa). There is a 387 bp 3′ terminal non-coding region with a poly (A) tail. The deduced pcSCP1 protein sequence matched most closely with published SCP sequences from another crayfish Astacus leptodactylus (92.8%) and from shrimp (78.6–81.2%) and fruit fly (53%). Real-time PCR analysis confirmed that pcSCP1 is ubiquitously expressed in all tissues tested (gill, hepatopancreas, intestine, antennal gland, muscle); however it is most abundant in muscle particularly in the axial abdominal muscle. The real-time PCR analysis revealed that pcSCP1 expression is downregulated in pre- and postmolt stages compared with intermolt. Epithelial (hepatopancreas and antennal gland) SCP expression exhibited a more dramatic decrease than that observed in muscle. Expression trends for pcSCP1 paralleled published trends for sarco/endoplasmic reticular calcium ATPase (SERCA), suggesting that their cellular function in regulating intracellular Ca2+ is linked.


Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology





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