Novel Regulatory Loci Controlling Oxygen- and pH-Related Gene Expression in Salmonella typhimurium

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Three new loci were discovered, each of which participates in the regulation of anaerobic gene expression. The regulatory gene earA negatively regulates the expression of the anaerobiosis-inducible gene aniG as well as that of at least three other genes, as determined by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The earA locus maps at 86 min. The expression of aniG was also shown to be controlled by changes in external pH under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Maximal expression was observed under anaerobic conditions at an external pH of 6.0. Significant transcriptional activity was also observed under aerobic conditions at pH 6.0. This was in contrast to hyd, whose expression was dependent upon anaerobiosis and varied with external pH. The pH dependence disappeared under fully aerobic conditions. Mutations in earA had no effect upon hyd expression. The two other regulators identified were oxrF, which controls aniH, and oxrG, which, in concert with oxrA and oxrB, controls aniC and anil. The oxrG locus was mapped to 88 min and appears to code for a positive regulator. Various oxr mutants were subjected to two-dimensional polyacrylamide electrophoretic analysis of anaerobiosis-inducible proteins. Several pathways of anaerobic control were observed by means of these techniques.


Journal of Bacteriology





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