Title

Elongation Factory 1Bγ (eEF1Bγ) Expression During the Molting Cycle and Cold Acclimation in the Crayfish Procambarus clarkii

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-2008

Abstract

Eukaryotic elongation factor 1Bγ (eEF1Bγ) is a subunit of elongation factor 1 (EF1), which regulates the recruitment of amino acyl-tRNAs to the ribosome during protein synthesis in eukaryotes. In addition to structural roles within eEF1, eEF1Bγ has properties which suggest sensory or regulatory activities. We have cloned eEF1Bγ from axial abdominal muscle of freshwater crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. The predicted amino acid sequence has 66% identity to Locusta migratoria eEF1Bγ and 65% identity to Artemia salina eEF1Bγ. We measured eEF1Bγ expression by real-time PCR, using the relative quantification method with 18s ribosomal RNA as an internal calibrator. eEF1Bγ expression was lowest in gill, axial abdominal muscle, and hepatopancreas, and was highest in the antennal gland (5.7-fold above hepatopancreas) and cardiac muscle (7.8-fold above hepatopancreas). In axial abdominal muscle, eEF1Bγ expression was 4.4-fold higher in premolt and 11.9 higher in postmolt compared to intermolt. In contrast, eEF1Bγ was decreased or unchanged in epithelial tissues during pre- and postmolt. eEF1Bγ expression in the hepatopancreas was 3.5-fold higher during intermolt compared to premolt and was unchanged in gill and antennal gland. No significant differences in eEF1Bγ were found after 1 week of acclimation to 4 °C. These results show that eEF1Bγ is regulated at the mRNA level with tissue-specific differences in expression patterns.

Journal

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Volume

150

Issue

2

First Page

170

Last Page

176